Section 28.2 explains Parsons’ concept of functionalism, and section 28.3 the relationship between functionalism and social change. It is a systematic depiction of certain societal functions, which every society must meet to be able to maintain stable social life. 309) believed that “the nuclear family is a social system” which consists of a straight married couple and around two to five children, “can be distinguished, and does function as a significant group” (1956, pg.308). However, the AGIL system existed only in a "rudimentary" form in the beginning and was gradually elaborated and expanded in the decades which followed. Parsons' use of social systems analysis based on the AGIL scheme was established in his work Economy and Society (with N. Smelser, 1956) and has prevailed in all his work ever since. Women play a vital role in the family for children as they carry and nurture the children so she is closer to them and strongly attached to them. Parsons's analysis of the family . In order to answer this, let us first look at what the AGIL acronym stands for. Parsons states that the family or something very much like it is essential for this purpose. Parsons' use of social systems analysis based on the AGIL scheme was established in his work Economy and Society (with N. Smelser, 1956) and has prevailed in all his work ever since. The phases of the AGIL scheme, originally drawn in terms of the movement of a system, tended henceforth to be treated basically in static terms. 6. Google Scholar According to Parsons the key idea to the AGIL scheme was sparked during Parsons’ work with Robert F. Bales on the study of motivational processes in small groups.Talcott Parsons, Robert F. Bales & Edward A. Shils (eds.) The AGIL paradigm is a sociological scheme created by American sociologist Talcott Parsons in the 1950s. Working Papers in The Theory of Action. However, the AGIL system does only exist in a "rudimentary" form in the beginning and is then gradually elaborated and expanded in the decades which followed. In section 28.4 changes within social systems are discussed while section 28.5 describes the changes of whole social systems: Parsons’ notion of evolutionary universals. Talcott Parsons argues that every social system needs four characteristics in order for it to survive. Talcott Parsons’ (1956, pg. In traditional societies, where families were the basis for social organization, many of the societal functions (AGIL) were carried out in the family … The study fully employed the Talcott Parsons’ AGIL schema and was elaborated in diagram by Aoi Kazuo in early 1974. During the early 1950s the idea of the AGIL model took stepwise place in Parsons mind. Consult also T. Parsons, ‘Social Systems’ (1968), in Social Systems and the Evolution of Action Theory. Furthermore, the AGIL-scheme and the patterns variables are interrelated. 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