She belonged to the clan Banu and she was a distant cousin of her husband the prophet Muhammad. Glass ceiling? At the time of the marriage, the Prophet SAW was twenty-five years old, while Khadijah was forty years old. KhadÄ«jah died in 619, a few years before the Hijrah—the emigration to Medina wherein the Muslim community began crystallizing into a clear sociopolitical force in its own right. He loved her so deeply, and she loved him as deeply. She was the first and most beloved wife of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). I would give anything to do an on-the-job ride-along with Khadija. Taking multiple wives was a common practice, yet Khadija and Muhammad’s marriage was monogamous until her death 25 years later. It is generally agreed among historians, both Muslim and orientalist, that at the time of her marriage with the Messenger of Allah – may the peace and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him – his first wife, Khadija, was forty years old. Khadija was the wife of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). She bequeathed her worldly goods and put herself in the face of danger to stand by the Prophet Muhammad as Islam became established in the land. Updates? Love comes when you are not looking, or so I have heard (and experienced). Adam Zeidan is an Assistant Editor, having joined. Prophet Muhammad once said that the four greatest women of mankind were: Khadija bint Khuwaylid, Fatima bint Muhammad (his youngest daughter,) Mary bint Emran (the Virgin Mary) and Asiya bint Muzahim (the wife of Pharaoh.) Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE) faced ridicule, oppression, financial boycotts, and even physical abuse when he started preaching a novel faith – Islam – in the heartland of Arabia: Mecca, from 610 CE onwards.His biggest supporter was his wife Khadija, a woman 15 years his senior but, according to Islamic sources, one with the deepest respect for her husband, which the latter … After the burial, the Apostle himself smoothed the earth on her grave. The example she left for mankind remains timeless. Your donation is tax-deductible. Among those who have popularized this opinion are Dr. Hamidullah and Dr. Akram Diya al-‘Umri. Marriages at this time were typically necessary for survival and not always about love as we know it in today’s world. Besides her, all the wives of the Prophet Muhammad were widows. But if it’s even required of me, “Muslim woman” suits me just fine.). I also get into debates about feminism. How we don’t dress. She was one of those women whose influence and exceptional characteristics still resonates throughout the ages and among many generations after her. She was the first to believe in the message of Muhammad (saws). Little is known about her apart from the posthumous accounts of Muhammad’s life (sÄ«rah) and teachings (Hadith). They went to see Khadija’s uncle’s son, Waraka ibn Nawfal. That she bore him several children, however, suggests that she may have been younger. He was 25. Khadijah (RA) was born in 556 A.D to Khuwaylid bin Asad and Fatimah bint Zayd of the Banu Asad tribe, in the city of Mecca. Khadijah, merchant who was the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad. Khadija was born to a father who was a successful merchant in their Quraysh tribe of Mecca. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In Islam, whether rich or poor, one’s financial condition is … 7) She spent her worldly riches on the poor. Her keen sense of character left her picky; and she was less than eager to suffer another painful loss of a husband. But if we could agree for a moment that there exists a pure definition of the word feminist — to mean awesomely fierce to the millionth degree — then I’d like to introduce you to Islam’s first feminist: Khadija bint Khuwaylid. In Islam, whether rich or poor, one’s financial condition is a test. Muhammad had no other wives while she was alive and had no children by any of his later wives. Both of these marriages produced children and both left her widowed. Join our network of more than 2,000 contributors to publish your perspective, share your story and shape the global conversation. In recent decades, however, some scholars have articulated the opinion that she was in fact twenty-eight. Jazdagerd ruled Persia from 632-651 A.D. and lost the Battle of Qadisiyya to the Muslim forces in 636, thus ending the 427-year rule of t… Muhammad, the founder of Islam and the proclaimer of the Qurʾān. She is thus often considered the first person to have believed in Muhammad’s message. The Prophet Muhammad died when she was 18 years old. Context Information According to the rules of Islam. Your donation is tax-deductible. Muslims often use the term "Mothers of the Believers" prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect, a term derived from the Quran. Fāṭimah—their only daughter according to ShiÊ¿i tradition—herself became an important figure in Islam, and her descendants (see Ahl al-Bayt), known as sharÄ«fs and sayyids, have played important social roles to this day. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. How we dress. Help us to inform and educate. The third wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Aisha bint Abu Bakr. Khadija died on the 10th of Ramadan of the 10th year of the Proclamation of Islam. The Prophet (pbuh) lived in her house which became a blessed place due to his presence and the fact that Jibril (pbuh) came often to … Maymunah bint Al Harith. What it is and what it isn’t. Khadijah International Waqf (L) Foundation (KIWF) is a charitable waqf (al-waqf al-khai’ri) established under Section 107 of the Labuan Islamic Financial Services and Securities Act 2010. According to most sources, she was about 40 years old with children from her previous marriages and Muhammad was about 25. Khadija bint Khuwaylid (RA), The Prophet’s Wife Who Never Broke. Her business was larger than all of the Quraysh trades combined, and it was the most acclaimed with a reputation of fair-dealing and high-quality goods. Moreover, Muhammad's (and, naturally, Khadijah's) offspring came to marry ladies who were born and raised at Persian as well as Roman palaces. She bore him six children. I often get into debates with people about women in Islam. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. What Should Muslims Sacrifice This Eid al-Adha. From this time on for a quarter of a century Khadijah remained his angel of hope and consolation. The type of digital cookie information collected during your visit and any derived data cannot be used or combined with other information to personally identify you. According to the Sunni interpretation of the sources, they had four daughters: Umm KulthÅ«m, Ruqayyah, Zaynab, and Fāṭimah. Being the most successful woman around, rich in worldly attainment as well as character, it seems Khadija faced a consistent campaign of men seeking her hand in marriage. Muhammad (Arabic: محمد ‎; pronounced ; c. 570 – 8 June 632) was the founder of Islam. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. 5) She was an ideal wife; theirs was a true love story. Khadija was one of history’s most remarkable women. She spent her worldly riches on the poor. If Khadija’s story hasn’t broken stereotypes about Islam yet, it might intrigue you to know that she was 40 years old when she married Muhammad. Seven things you might not know about the awesomely fierce Khadija (may God be pleased with her): 1) She was a successful and esteemed business-woman. Prophet Muhammad's marriage with Khadija bint Khuwaylid when he was 25 years old 5  5176 Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) returned to Mecca, and Khadijah saw a level of trustworthiness from her trader and blessings with her money she had never seen before. She shared in all his troubles and difficulties. I think I’ve spawned permanent foes because I don’t care to apply the label, feminist, to describe myself. Khadija knew what she was doing business-wise, never compromising her modesty or integrity to succeed in the male-dominated trades — hiring only those that could meet these standards. The Fair Observer website uses digital cookies so it can collect statistics on how many visitors come to the site, what content is viewed and for how long, and the general location of the computer network of the visitor. What we think or don’t think or should be thinking. She brought wealth, prestige and influence to Mohammad (S.A.W). (I’m not one for labels, sorry. She supported the Prophet (S.A.W) financially. Become a Fair Observer and help us make sense of the world. Gladly swipe my car for a camel; my laptop for a government-issued glass weight to measure goods in trade. And she is one of the people I think about when I face or debate issues surrounding women today. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She was buried in Hujun above Makkah. Moreover, she consulted her relative Waraqah ibn Nawfal, who is said to have likened Muhammad’s revelations to those of Moses, further providing Muhammad confidence in his revelations. Aisha (r.a) was a great Muslim lady. They are not sister wives that people imagine. A Muslim scholar, she is credited with narrating more than two thousand hadith. Muhammad’s prophethood began during his marriage to Khadija, when he received the first of God’s revelations through the Angel Gabriel that left him frightened, strained and feeling alone when no one believed in him. 2) She turned down many marriage proposals. Yet, that did not bother the Prophet (SAW) one bit. KhadÄ«jah and Muhammad did not have any sons who survived childhood. Muhammad's wives, or the wives of Muhammad, were the women married to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said if she is ready to marry Him, then He has no objection to it. Khadija, the mother of Islam, was the first person on earth to accept Muhammad as the final prophet of God and accept the revelations that culminated into the Holy Quran. He had all his children from her, except one. She fell in love with him, and through a friend, she asked him to marry her. She was the Prophet’s SAW first wife, and the only woman whom he married prior to his prophethood. What could I learn in one day of shadowing this highly-respected business leader — trading furniture, pottery and silks? She remains, to this day, a paradigm of endless strength, resilience, honor, loyalty, and nobility. The SÄ«rah of Ê¿Abd al-Malik ibn Hishām characterizes her as “resolute and noble” and as commanding significant respect within the tribe. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Muhammad is traditionally...…. She had a keen eye and was highly intuitive, earning the monikers, Ameerat-Quraysh (“Princess of Quraysh”) and al-Tahira (“The Pure One”) due to her stellar reputation. KhadÄ«jah, (died 619, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]), merchant who was the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad. She resigned herself to being a widowed woman, taking care of herself and her family. As we know, the Prophet has some wives he married like Khadijah, Aisha, Sudah and many more. These statistics are collected and processed using the Google Analytics service. Upon her father’s death, she took over the business and traded goods through the primary commerce centers at that time — from Mecca to Syria and to Yemen — hiring the most trustworthy men of character to brave the dangerous trade routes. These cookies essential for the website to function. “Your wives are a garment for you, and you are a garment for them” (Quran 2: 187). Prophet Muhammad was married to one wife, Khadijah, until she died. Register for $9.99 per month and become a member today. One can only be allowed to take up more wives when he can make sure that he can treat them all equally. She was a very generous person and quite a beauty. They were married for 25 years, and she bore him seven children : 3 sons and 4 daughters. 1,400 years ago, yes, Khadija shattered it. The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Fair Observer’s editorial policy. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience. She hired him into her conglomerate. Khadija was one of history’s most remarkable women. She is the only virgin woman married to the Prophet Muhammad. More rec… After the Prophet’s uncle, Abu Talib, had given the proposed marriage his blessing, Muhammad and Khadijah were married. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Khadijah, Women's Islamic Initiative in Spirituality and Equality - Biography of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, Unitarian Universalist Association - Khadijah, First Woman of Islam, Khadijah - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Khadijah - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Khadija’s existence precedes mine by more than 1,400 years. She spent her worldly riches on the poor. She spent her worldly riches on the poor. Khadija continues to inspire people to this day who revere her for taking great care of the Prophet of Islam and for showing the world, through her behavior, what a pious, modest and courageous woman can accomplish. According to the traditional sources, KhadÄ«jah provided instrumental support in Muhammad’s early prophethood. She (Aisha) lived with the Prophet Muhammad for 9 years. Fair Observer uses these aggregate statistics from website visits to help improve the content of the website and to provide regular reports to our current and future donors and funding organizations. Khadija gave her earnings to the poor and to the orphans, to the widows and the sick. She proved to be the Prophet’s (saws) steadfast ally at all times. Khadijah was the ideal wife and mother. Khadija al-Kubra was the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad. These cookies track our website’s performance and also help us to continuously improve the experience we provide to you. Learn more about how we use cookies or edit your cookie preferences. How Khadijah became richest lady in Makkah Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. [Prophet Muhammad (saws): Narrated by Masnad Ahmad] Khadijah, the first wife of the Prophet (saws), is a figure of great inspiration to the Muslim women. But if I can, at the very least, continuously strive to emulate her character, I will consider myself a success in life. She helped poor girls get married and provided their dowry. Khadijah received Muhammad’s full attention for as long as she was married to him; twenty-five years. "I will stand with you Mother Khadija." We bring you perspectives from around the world. Omissions? Corrections? These are the words that reverberate in my mind as I think about the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad, who gave her life in the cause of Islam. In Islam, whether rich or poor, one’s financial condition is … Join our community of more than 2,500 contributors to publish your perspective, share your narrative and shape the global discourse. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) who was terrified returned home to his wife, Khadija and said “Cover me with something” and after resting a bit explained what had taken place to his wife. She was married twice before her wedlock to the Prophet. He loved no one more than Khadija during his lifetime. At the time of the marriage, the Prophet was twenty-five years old, while Khadijah was forty years old. The Prophet (PBUH) did … When they were married, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was 25 years old, and Khadijah was 40. But Khadija didn’t need a husband to take care of her financially. Click the link to download Islamic videos app from Google play store : http://bit.ly/2KPkAl5 Assalamu Alaikum! Khadija comforted her husband and encouraged him during the most difficult days of his life. Help us to inform and educate. She inherited her wealth but continued to conduct trade after the deaths of her parents and, according to Sunni tradition, of her first two husbands. Imam Husain ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (ع), Muhammad's grandson and our Third Holy Imam, married the daughter of the last Persian emperor Jazdagird (Yazdegerd) III son of Shahryar and grandson of this same Khusrau II. For the next fifteen years they lived happily together, and Khadijah bore several children. And Muhammad did not have the means to seek a wife. Khadija learned of the stellar character of Muhammad, as well as his experience managing caravans on the trade routes accompanying his uncle, Abu Talib. She inherited her father’s skills at a time in history when society was male-dominated and dangerous. Keep writing. Hah! After the Prophet’s SAW uncle, Abu Talib, had given the proposed marriage his blessing, Muhammad SAW and Khadijah were married. One of the most prominent and praised women in the history of Islam is Lady Khadija (AS), Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH&HP) wife and companion, who had a vital role in the spread of Islam. The World This Week: Triumph of South Africa’s Spirit Against Adversity, Macron Claims Islam Is in “Crisis.” Erdogan Disagrees. She employed Muhammad when he was in his early 20s to manage a caravan to Syria and subsequently offered him marriage. Aisha - Youngest Wife of the Prophet Muhammad Short Biography of Aisha Bint Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq Aisha was the youngest and favorite wife of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Her wealth allowed him the leisure to meditate, and she reassured him of the authenticity of his first revelations. Khadija (R.A) was Mohammad’s first wife, who was loved and close to him. Fair Observer does not use personal data collected from its website for advertising purposes or to market to you. *[This article was originally published by The Huffington Post.]. This cookie consists of the word “yes” to enable us to remember your acceptance of the site cookie notification, and prevents it from displaying to you in future. He said yes. Join over 400 people to become a donor or you could choose to be a sponsor. Photo Credit: Annuk / Zurijeta / Shutterstock.com. 25-Year-Old Muhammad Marries 40-Year-Old Khadijah (Part 2) The marriage of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid to Muhammad ibn Abdullah (PBUH) was something unique to Qurayshi society. She was very talented and had a wonderful memory. He was in her employ when she offered to marry him. She was the daughter of Khuwaylid ib, son of Asad ibn Abdul Uzza ibn Qusayy. Khadija bint Khuwaylid (RA) was the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)’s first wife, and she made a great example of herself for the women to come. One month after the death of Khadija, the Prophet sustained another shock in the death of … We bring you perspectives from around the world. Allah blessed Mohammad (S.A.W) with the ideal wife in Khadija (R.A) who was … Muslims and Baha'is believe he was a messenger and a prophet of Allah ().He is believed to be a descendant of Ishmael, a son of Abraham, and the last of all prophets (the seal of the prophets).He is seen as an example for all Muslims to follow. Khadijah (Raddi Allahu anha, usually abbreviated to RAH, meaning May Allah be pleased with her), daughter of Khuwailid ibn Asad, was the first wife of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).She was from the Asad clan of the tribe of Quraysh and considered the best of women in lineage, fortune and wisdom. She is said to have confirmed and supported his prophethood and to have been the first person to believe in his message, though she died before the crystallization of … Very good and informative article. She was greeted with “salam” (peace) by God himself as well as the Angel Gabriel. Hence, both Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Khadija (R.A) got married by mutual consent at the ages of 25 and 40 respectively. Maymunah bint Al Harith is the one who offered herself to the Messenger … It is said that Waraka who knew how to read and write and had read the holy books was a Christian. KhadÄ«jah was born in the 6th century ce to merchants of the Quraysh tribe, which ruled Mecca. In Islam, whether rich or poor, one's financial condition is … At the time of her marriage to Muhammad (peace be upon him) Khadijah (may God be pleased with her) was forty hears old and the Prophet was hardly twenty-five. From the posthumous accounts of Muhammad’s life ( sÄ « rah of Ê¿Abd al-Malik ibn Hishām characterizes as. At all times ( SAW ) one bit khadä « jah provided instrumental support in Muhammad’s message marriage was until., loyalty, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, khadä « jah and Muhammad did not any. 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