Elm seeds are round, flat and covered by a thin, paper-like casing that hooks at the top. Ulmus americana, generally known as the American elm or, less commonly, as the white elm or water elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, naturally occurring from Nova Scotia west to Alberta and Montana, and south to Florida and central Texas.The American elm is an extremely hardy tree that can withstand winter temperatures as low as −42 °C (−44 °F). The American elm … The American Elm is a classic shade tree. The height and circumference measurements listed here are for the largest-known American elm tree in Georgia. The American Elm is a medium to fast grower, averaging 10 to 12 feet in 5 years. Seeds can also persist in saturated environments for extended periods with little effect on germination. Leaves are alternate, simple, 4–6 inches long, 2–3 inches wide, broadest at or below the middle with coarse, sawtooth edges. Smaller teeth appear along the lower side of the larger teeth. Seed Pods Specifications. Seed pods form as light-green wafer-like pockets, which eventually turn into a pale tan color. Seed Collection and Storage. Pre-planting Points of Care. As a species, the elm tree is tall. This tree has a high, spreading canopy creating an elegant shape. Special characteristics: This is a large handsome tree that any homeowner would be proud to own. Also called the White Elm. Soil Type: Prefers rich, moist soils but grows well under a variety of conditions. Being difficult to propagate, American Elm hybrids have been slow to become available. The American Elm Tree is used as a street and large lawn tree, the American Elm is a staple tree in American history. It is a stately tree and has a vase-shaped crown and yellow fall colour. Store the seeds in a moist and damp sealed container and place the container in a low-light or dark area, which is low in temperature. Other species displaying the classic vase shape of the American Elm have been cultivated in recent years. However, American Elm will remain dormant until the next season. Elms grow at a moderate rate. Elm seeds form and fall from the trees in springtime soon after flowering. The American elm was the most popular tree to plant in the booming cities of the 19th century, so that by the 20th century many streets were lined with only elms and were shaded in summer by a cathedral-like ceiling of their branches. American Elm Trees normally will reach reproductive maturity at around 15 years of age. The American Elm Tree can reach heights of 60 to 80 feet. It is a deciduous tree, creating a long spreading canopy, and self-pollinating flowers. Base is uneven. Seeds collected in the spring season will germinate quickly within the same season. An excellent lawn or street tree. They are distinctive in appearance. Seeds can germinate under low light conditions although germination success increases under moderate light. When choosing a location, keep in mind that the American Elm … Most elms bear single seeds about the size of a pea. American elm seeds typically germinate shortly after they reach the ground, although seed may lay dormant until the following spring. These trees are tolerant of drought and urban conditions and do not have a high maintenance cost. American elm is a small to medium-sized (to very large) tree, at maturity with spreading branches forming a broad-spreading, fan-shaped crown. American Elm samaras fall within 300 feet of the parent tree, while the rock elm samaras fall within 100 to 150 feet of the parent tree. The American elm prefers the sun and is a long-lived, hardy tree. The American Elm, is a disease resistant elm tree that can grow to heights of 100 feet or more, with a trunk averaging around 4 feet in diameter. 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